What types of electric vehicles are there?

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Leaving aside bicycles, mopeds, scooters, heavy and transport vehicles and focusing only on vehicles classified as M1 and N1 (all-terrain vehicles, passenger cars and vans), the following are distinguished:

Pure electric vehicle (BEV)

It is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that uses exclusively the energy stored in its rechargeable battery packs, without a secondary source of propulsion. These vehicles use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines (ICE) for propulsion. They obtain all their energy through a connector, either directly from the electrical grid or from stand-alone solar systems.

Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV)

This type of vehicle combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system, thus achieving better fuel economy and performance than a conventional vehicle. The small internal battery is recharged from the vehicle’s own alternator and regenerative braking.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

This type of vehicle is very similar to the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), but it also has the possibility of recharging from the mains thanks to its connector, thus, it has a higher capacity battery and the autonomy in electric-only mode is much greater.

Range-extended electric vehicle (REV)

It is a vehicle powered by an electric motor and also has a plug-in rechargeable battery. In the event that the battery runs out and we have not been able to connect it to the mains, it has a small internal combustion engine that is used only to supplement the battery charge, but not as the main source of energy.