In the market we can find different connectors to the charging of the electric vehicle, you can depend on the manufacturer of the own vehicle, the charging protocol used or the type of charger used, whether this in alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC).
Connector Type 1
Charge in alternating current-AC- (Mode 3). Connectors Type 1 is used primarily in the asian market and american, although it can also be found in Europe and other countries. It is a connector only single-phase, designed to carry a maximum current of 32 A (7,4 kW) in the european market. Has two poles of main charge (L1; N) over a pole to the protective earth. In addition, it has two contacts designed for the communication between the charger and the vehicle (PP, CP). Likewise, it has a locking device which prevents the disconnection of the connector for charging.
Connector Type 2
Charge in alternating current-AC- (Mode 3). Currently, this is the connector is approved as a european standard for public charging in AC. It is designed for charging systems, single-phase or three-phase, according to the need of the vehicle and the availability of energy. Allows you to perform single-phase charge from 16 A / 230 V up to charge three-phase 63 A / 400 V, which means that you can top up the alternating current from the powers of 3.7 kW to 44 kW.
Has four-pole main charge (L1; L2; L3; N) over a pole to the protective earth. In addition, it has two contacts designed for the communication between the charger and the vehicle (PP, CP)
Connector Type CCS2
Charge in direct current -DC- (Mode 4). It Is a combinatIion of connectors for the fast chage in DC and actually it an homologated european connector for the poublic charge in DC. It allows you to charge in direct current, this being the type of charge faster than any other. It allows you to charge up to 500 A / 1000 V (350 kW).
In the part of the vehicle, allows you to upload the vehicle in Modes 3 AC and 4 DC (not at the same time through a single outlet, which is the key to the success of this connector. It has two main poles to charge (DC +, DC -) at the bottom and at the top keeps the shape of the connector Type 2 AC to keep the communication (PP; CP; PE).
Chage -DC- (Mode 4). This connector was developed by an association of japanese companies as the connector for the quick charge in DC. It allows you to charge in constant current, this being the type of charge faster than any other. It allows you to charge up to 200 A / 500 V (100 kW).
Most of the electric vehicles japanese have this connector, mounting, in addition to the Type 1 connector for recharging slow in alternating current. It has two main poles to recharge (DC +, DC -), two contacts for communication between the charger and the vehicle (CAN communication), and five contacts for analog control.